Egypt is home to a multicultural society. Ethnic Egyptians constitute 95% of Egypt’s total population whereas Egypt’s minorities include Nubians, Berbers [Siwa Oasis], Bedouins, Arabs, Turks, and Greeks, additionally to small tribal communities: the Bejas and Doms. The former are concentrated in the south-eastern corner of Egypt, and the latter live mostly in the Nile Delta and the Fayoum oasis which are progressively becoming assimilated into bigger cities as urbanization increases.
Egyptian People are friendly, hospitable and modest. They also have a sense of balance and moderation.
The Egyptians, from all origins, are known for their welcoming attitude towards tourists. If you respect the local customs and traditions, and avoid offending anyone, especially in places of worship and remote locations where some old traditions are maintained, you are sure to spend an unforgettable holiday in Egypt.
Egyptians are the inhabitants and citizens of Egypt sharing a common culture and a dialect of Arabic.
Egyptian identity is closely tied to geography. The population of Egypt is concentrated in the lower Nile valley, the small strip of cultivable land stretching from the First Cataract to the Mediterranean and enclosed by desert both to the east and to the west. This unique geography has been the basis of the development of Egyptian society since antiquity. If regarded as a single ethnic group, the Egyptian people constitute one of the worlds largest.
The daily language of the Egyptians is the local variety of Arabic, known as Egyptian Arabic or Masri, Also a sizable minority of Egyptian speak Sa’idi Arabic in Upper Egypt. Egyptians are predominantly adherents of Sunni Islam with a significant proportion who follow native Sufi orders. A sizable minority of Egyptians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church, whose liturgical language, Coptic, is the last stage of the indigenous Egyptian language.
Egyptians, from Greek Αἰγύπτιοι, Aiguptioi, from Αἴγυπτος, Aiguptos “Egypt”. The Greek name is derived from Late Egyptian Hikuptah “Memphis”, a corruption of the earlier Egyptian name Hat-ka-Ptah [ḥwt-k3-ptḥ], meaning “home of the ka [soul] of Ptah”, the name of a temple to the god Ptah at Memphis. Strabo provided a folk etymology according to which Αἴγυπτος had evolved as a compound from Aἰγαίου ὑπτίως Aegaeou huptiōs, meaning “below the Aegean”. In English, the noun “Egyptians” appears in the 14th century, in Wycliff’s Bible, as Egipcions.Copts Under Muslim rule, the Egyptians came to be known as Copts, also a derivative of the Greek word Αἰγύπτιος, Aiguptios [Egyptian]. After the majority of Egyptians converted from Christianity to Islam, the term became exclusively associated with Egyptian Christianity and Egyptians who remained Christian, though references to native Muslims as Copts are attested until the Mamluk period.

  • Demographics

An estimated 82.2 [2012] million Egyptians live around the world, but the vast majority are in Egypt where about 94% [74 million] of the total population call themselves “ethnic Egyptians” of which ca. 4 million in the Egyptian diaspora. Ethnic minorities in Egypt are formed by Nubians, Berbers, Bedouins, Beja and Dom.
Approximately 90% of the population of Egypt are Muslim and 10% are Christian [9% Coptic, 1% other Christian],[14] though estimates vary. The majority live near the banks of the Nile River where the only arable land is found. Close to half of the Egyptian people today are urban; most of the rest are fellahin living in rural towns and villages. A large influx of fellahin into urban cities, and rapid urbanization of many rural areas since the early 20th century, have shifted the balance between the number of urban and rural citizens. Egyptians also form smaller minorities in neighboring countries, North America, Europe and Australia.

  • Identity

The degree to which Egyptians identify with each layer of Egypt’s history in articulating a sense of collective identity can vary. Questions of identity came to fore in the 20th century as Egyptians sought to free themselves from British occupation, leading to the rise of ethno-territorial secular Egyptian nationalism [also known as “Pharaonism”]. After Egyptians gained their independence from Great Britain, other forms of nationalism developed, including secular Arab nationalism as well as Islamism.
“Pharaonism” rose to political prominence in the 1920s and 1930s during the British occupation, as Egypt developed separately from the Arab world. A segment of the most Westernized upper class argued that Egypt was part of a Mediterranean civilization. This ideology largely developed out of the country’s lengthy pre-Islamic history, the relative isolation of the Nile Valley and the mostly homogeneous ethnicity of the inhabitants. One of Pharaonism’s most notable advocates was Taha Hussein who remarked “Pharaonism is deeply rooted in the spirits of the Egyptians. It will remain so, and it must continue and become stronger. The Egyptian is Pharaonic before being Arab.”