Cairo, Alexandria Excursion Starting from Cairo.
Greater Cairo is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt and the third largest urban area in the Islamic World after Jakarta and Karachi. It is the largest urban area in Africa, It is the world’s 16th largest metropolitan area, consisting of Cairo governorate, Giza city, Shubra el-Kheima and 6 October city, with a total population of 17,816,000.
The Greater Cairo is the largest metropolitan area in Egypt and in Africa. It consists of Cairo Governorate, parts of Giza Governorate, and parts of Qalyubia Governorate. Today’s Greater Cairo is a city with at least 18 million inhabitants, where skyscrapers and fast food restaurants nestle up to world heritage monuments. Originally, Cairo was the designated name of the city on the eastern bank of the Nile, and this is where you’ll find both the modern Downtown, built under influence of French architecture, today the centre of commerce and popular life, as well as historical Islamic and Coptic sights. Outside the core on the eastern bank, you’ll find the modern, more affluent suburbs of Heliopolis and Nasr City near the airport, and Ma’adi to the south. In the middle of the Nile is the island of Gezira and Zamalek, more Western and tranquil than the rest of the city. On the western bank is lots of modern concrete and business, but also the great Giza pyramids and, further to the south, Memphis and Saqqara. The city might seem like a lot to handle, but give it a try, and you will find that it has a lot to offer for any traveller.
Cairo is vast; with more than 18 million people, it’s the largest city in Africa and the Middle East. The downtown core consists of the following districts:
Midan Tahrir: Midan El Tahrir is the very centre of the modern city: big hotels, transport and the Egyptian Museum, with downtown extending through Midan Talaat Harb up to Midan Ataba. Midan Tahrir (literally, “Liberation Square”) is famous for the massive 2011 protests that ousted president Mubarak and 2013 that ousted Morsi.
Downtown: Downtown Cairo is the commercial heart of the modern city of Cairo, centered on Midan Talaat Harb and located to the east and north-east of Midan Tahrir (Tahrir Square). Formerly known as Midan Ismaili until it was renamed on the 2nd of September 1954 by president Nasser as Midan Tahrir “Liberation Square”. Midan Tahrir was the location of Africa’s first Hilton hotel, which is now under renovation under the name of Nile Ritz Carlton. The other imposing building on Midan Tahrir opposite the Egyptian museum, is the bay-fronted government Moga’maa building opened in 1952 which houses the bureaucratic offices, and where visitors can renew or extended their Egyptian visas. Although lacking in obvious tourist “attractions”, Downtown is nonetheless the convenient location of many smaller hotels, retail outlets, travel agencies and restaurants that would be of interest to the traveller. The district’s central location makes it, together with Midan Tahrir, a natural “jumping off point” for exploration of the city. The east end of Downtown is marked by Midan Ataba, the starting point of Islamic Cairo.
Midan Ramses: Contains Cairo’s main railway station and a burgeoning retail and accommodation zone.
Garden City: A suburb close to the city centre and the Corniche el-Nil, a good option for centred accomodation.
Islamic Cairo: The centre of historic Cairo, located east of downtown; contains the Citadel, Mohamed Ali Mosque, Khan el Khalili (the main bazaar or souq), historic mosques and medieval architecture, as well as some of Cairo’s turkish baths or Hammams.
Old Cairo: Located south of downtown, includes Coptic Cairo, Fustat (Cairo’s historical kernel) and Rhoda Island.
Dokki and Mohandeseen: Located on the west bank of the Nile, with upscale restaurants, shopping, and accommodation.
Gezira and Zamalek: Upmarket suburb on the Gezira island in the Nile, with hotels, the Cairo Tower, the Opera House, as well as some nice shopping, restaurants, cafes, and accommodation. Also, is where the Gezira Sporting Club is located.
Giza: Giza district is a sprawling western district of the city overlooking the Nile where the Giza Zoo is located as well as a few other attractions. Giza Governorate contains the Haram district where the Giza Pyramids are located. The Governorates of Cairo and Giza have more or less merged into the same city of Greater Cairo, although originally they were two different cities. The term Giza commonly refers to the district of Giza which is within Cairo, not the actual location of the pyramids!
Heliopolis and Nasr City: The two of them are actually completely distinct areas. Heliopolis is an older district where well-to-do Egyptians and higher class people live, built by a Belgian architect. Nasr City is newer, and contains City Stars, Cairo’s biggest and most modern shopping mall, and retail social complex. The airport is actually located a bit further east of this area out in the desert near Masaken Sheraton
Ma’adi: A more quiet residential suburb catering to many foreign expatriates, located southeast of Cairo, where upper-class Egyptians live.
Excursion Tours In Greater Cairo
Excursion Tours Outside Cairo