Egyptian Cities Guide; The Description of Egypt
Egypt Tourist Destinations is the harmonious fusion of the glorious antiquity of the past with contemporary modernity. Nile Melody Travel guarantees you a totally satisfying tour of the renowned tourist destinations of Egypt. Egypt is one of the very few countries in the world that have numerous architectural edifices that have tremendous historic value. Have a holiday of a lifetime in Egypt while exploring the mysteries of the fabled land of Pharaoh, pyramids and temples.
Egypt Tourist Destinations offers something to all its visitors. If you have passion for the historical monuments and antiquity, then Egypt has pyramids, ancient temples and several museums for you to study. If absolute relaxation and total fun is on your mind, then there are several beach destinations for you to stay in pleasure. If food is you weakness, try out Mediterranean Cuisine that is a mixture of Roman, Greek, Turkish, and Arabic and European specialities If shopping is what gives you a high, then shops in Egypt are stocked with carpets and rugs, jewellery ethnic art objects and souvenirs such a miniature pyramids, statuettes etc.
Egypt Tourist Destinations is all about knowing the ancient Egyptian Civilization better while indulging in modern pleasure. Visit the historic tourist destinations such as Abu Simbel, Alexandria, Aswan, Cairo, Giza and Luxor along with fast developing modern cities such as Hurghada and Sharm El Sheikh. Be adventurous to indulge in the water sports in the Red Sea and be romantic to spend a romantic time on Nile Cruise. Give Nile Melody Travel a chance to serve you and get you acquainted with the Egypt Tourist Destinations.
Tourist cities can be divided into eight major cities of tourist activity in Egypt and this division is subject to several different criteria. Egypt Tourist Destinations: Cairo, Giza, Alexandria, Luxor, Aswan, Abu Simbel, Sharm el Sheikh and Hurghada
If we divide destinations in Egypt to major destinations it will be like that:
– Alexandria and the North Coast: Beautiful beaches and Mediterranean resorts.
– The Delta from North of Cairo to the Mediterranean East of Alexandria and Tanta, Zagazig, Damietta, Damanhur, El Mansura, Banha
– Cairo and the Lower Nile Valley from Cairo to El Tabbin and Abu Sir, Dahshur, Giza, Meidum, Saqqara
– The Lower Nile Valley from El-Minya to El-Minya and Atfih, Beni Suef, Ihnasya el Madina, El Lahun, El Minya
– Upper Nile Valley from South of El-Minya to Qena and Abu Tig, Akhmim, El Araba el Madfuna, Asyut, El Badari, Dairut, Durunka, Girga,Hiw, Sohag, Qena, El Qusiya
– Luxor / Thebes, from South of Qena to North of Idfu and Luxor and the Surrounding Area
– Aswan and Nubia, from Idfu to Abu Simbel with Elephantine Island, Kitcheners Island, High Dam
– Red Sea and El-Gouna, Hurghada, Suez, Berenice, Ain Sukhna, Al-Quseir
– Sinai and El Arish, Ras Mohamed, Dahab, Taba
– Oasis: Fayoum, Siwa Oasis, Bahariya Oasis, Farafra Oasis, Dakhla Oasis, Kharga Oasis
– Other: Parks of Egypt, Wadi Natruon
But Egypt could be said to have six different tourist super-sites. Each has its own flavour and mostly each serves a different purpose. Surprisingly, or perhaps not, most of these tourist areas do not depend on ancient monuments to sustain them. In fact, only Luxor is completely dependent on this trade. These super-sites consist of:
Alexandria and the immediate area around the City. It could in fact be argued that this area extends to Marsa Matruh to the west on the coast. The area has a Mediterranean feel about it, and the attraction is the Mediterranean Sea, and to the people of Cairo, a somewhat cooler climate.
Cairo and the immediate area around the City. Cairo has everything. Cairo has great hotels, entertainment, restaurants, all manner of monuments from throughout the history of Egypt and it is often the entry point for most people visiting Egypt. It even has bowling allies and several golf courses to choose from.
Luxor and the surrounding area. Luxor is a living museum with vast numbers of ancient Egyptian monuments. It is also highly oriented to tourists, and might be thought of in the same regard as a theme park, where the attractions just happen to be real monuments.
Aswan and the surrounding area. Aswan is probably the least of the super-site tourist areas, but has great hotels, along with the huge Lake Nasser just to the south.
Hurghada and the surrounding area, particularly El Gouna. Not too far apart are El Gouna, Hurghada and Safaga, and these areas contain just about everything a tourist would like to have, with the exception of ancient monuments. They make up for that with every variety of water sports, several golf courses, casinos and more. The Red Sea area has less of an Egyptian feel, but not as European as the Sinai.
Sharm El Sheikh and the surrounding area including Sharks Bay. This is the Sinai super-site, again with most everything any tourist might wish. There are even some wonderful Christian monuments nearby, and the water sports, as at Hurghada, are all inclusive.
This is not to say that there are many more tourist destinations, particularly on the Red Sea and in Sinai, and on Egypt’s mainland interior, the oases. However, in much of the rest of the mainland interior, travel and destinations are limited. However, the tourist Super-sites encompasses perhaps ninety-five percent of the ancient monuments and most else there is to do in Egypt.
More than one reason to choose the Red Sea
The red sea is 1930 km long bordered by Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Soudan, Ethiopia, Yemen and Djibouti. Its highly saline water makes it an ideal environment for the growth of coral reefs, colorful fishes and rare marine life.
Its crystal clear water with soft vivid colours of corals to be found nowhere else in the world. Sharks, Manta Rays, Napoleon Wrasses, Turtles plus an unbelievable variety of tropical fish all within short distances of the towns make the Red Sea area a diving heaven. Diving is not the only way to discover and enjoy the beauty of the Red Sea – snorkeling is another alternative.
The Red Sea thermal and geological conditions combine to bless and please windsurfers with a wide range of all year round consistent winds, suitable for all ages and levels. Activities in and around the water abound and include other water sports such as parasailing, sailing, water skiing, banana boats and rings, pedals, canoes, glass-bottom boat, and moreover beach buggies and 4×4 safari trips.
All of the above make the Red Sea a multi faceted and exciting destination.
Holiday Spots in the Red Sea
Located east of Suez Canal overlooking the Red Sea between the gulfs of Suez and Aqaba .It is a peninsula that combines all the elements of magic and attraction. Its history goes back to the pharaonic era where the pharos explored it for gold, copper and turquoise.
Sharm El Sheikh – South Sinai
Located to the south-east of the Sinai Peninsula. It is well known for its rich coral reefs, many of which are accessible. Its water is filled with underwater life, making it a snorkeling and scuba diving paradise.
It has the most popular tourist area “Naama Bay” with its concentration of hotels, diving centers, shops and restaurants.
Ras Mohamed: situated at the tip of Sinai Peninsula, on the gulfs of Suez and Aqaba at Tiran straight. It is famous for its most exquisite coral reefs and colorful fish. Lately it was declared a National Park.
Dahab – South Sinai
Located 100 km north-east of Sharm el Sheikh, called Dahab for its golden sandy beaches and deep diving sites.
Windsurfing is popular there. Assala, one of its small districts, has Bedouin camps and a restaurant promenade.
Nuweiba – South Sinai
Located 87 km north of Dahab on the Aqaba Gulf where the Desert Mountains reach the sea and palm trees cover its beaches. The desert safari is highly recommended in this area and a visit to its Great Colored Canyon, the most beautiful in the whole world is not to be missed.
Taba – South Sinai
An international border town. Its majestic mountains overlook the tourist facilities and its coastline is among the most picturesque in Sinai. The famous Pharaoh’s island known for Salah el Din Fortress has a unique and strategic position overlooking Aqaba Gulf.
St. Catherine – South Sinai
St. Catherine is about 225 km north of Sharm el Sheikh; It stands on a high plateau and is an important site for religious tourism. Its monastery is one of the oldest in the world; its construction goes back to the fourth century. It lies in the foothills of Moses’ mountain where God spoke to his prophet. The whole area was declared a protectorate in 1987. Visitors are keen on climbing the mountain to watch the sunrise.
El Ain El Sukhna
The Arabic word for “hot spring” – was named after a nearby sulphur spring. Close enough to Cairo for a day trip; this popular weekend resort has fine beaches, coves and coral reefs.
Hurghada, famous for its underwater coral reefs and rare marine life, is the capital of the Red Sea Governorate and the most popular and accessible holiday destination. It has more than 50 km of coastline; attractive bays fine sandy beaches and calm shallow waters which are features of this area. It has the largest selection of international hotels and tourist villages and is a complete resort town. Day trips to Cairo and Luxor by land or air are organized from Hurghada to explore the Land of the Pharaohs in more detail.
A place where you and nature become one!
Marsa Alam located further south, 135 km from Al Qusseir, still offering an outstanding serenity and solitude.
A virgin destination and a unique location in the southern most stretch of the Red Sea coastline. Backed by mountains, open deserts, oasis, rare wildlife, gold and emerald mines and historical treasures from Pharaonic, Ptolemaic, Roman and Islamic eras of history. Situated near the Tropic of cancer where the Arabian Desert meets the Red Sea, it has the appearance of a Tropical paradise with its palm trees, mangroves and seacoast fringed with barrier coral reefs. Sightings of Dolphin, Dugongs and Hammerhead sharks are a frequent occurrence for those who venture into its waters. In 2003 was the inauguration of Marsa Alam International Airport in response to increasing need of European travelers to these southern Red Sea destinations.
El Gouna is a tourist resort, recently developed to offer ultra-modern facilities and it is only, 25 km north of Hurghada. It consists of several tourist resorts, international hotels of different categories, diving centers and a golf course.
Situated 35 km south of Hurghada, well known for its sandy beaches, fascinating underwater world and its crystal clear waters. It is a complete and self contained resort that offers all facilities needed for an enjoyable vacation.
Sahl Hashish is 24 km south of Hurghada center where one can treat oneself to the luxury of Egypt’s all-suite Oberoi Resort. Several suites have a private swimming pool. Several other international chains opened there, where you can enjoy a picturesque and calm ambience and carry home colorful memories of a Red Sea retreat.
In a tranquil and secluded setting 45 km south of Hurghada, Soma Bay is the perfect gateway destination to the warmth of the sun and the enticement of clear blue waters. With an adjacent 18 hole golf course designed by the legendary Gary Player.
Located 65 km south of Hurghada. It is a marine port as well as one of the most important therapeutic centers.
It has seen tremendous tourism development and hotels, tourist villages and other centers have been built. There are also natural treatment centers using “sea” water, coral reefs mud, sun rays, sulphur water and medicinal sand treatments as a cure for rheumatism.
Located 80 km south of Safaga, one of the Red Sea ports from which Queen Hatshipsut “one of the ancient Egyptian rulers during the New Kingdom 1575 – 1308 BC” launched her expedition to the land of Punt (nowadays Somalia). A quiet resort with sandy beaches, clear waters, coral reefs and places for accommodation.
Egypt’s oases are just that: unspoiled refuge from the modern world. Surrounded by sand and sky, the oases have a sense of timelessness, rare in the 21st century. Man and nature have coexisted here since the Stone Age, but the stars, the rock formations and the dunes defy the calculation of human calendars. Egypt’s oases are still the most varied in the world, each with a distinguished character of its own. Wherever you stay, enjoy the tranquility of the Bedouin life-style, the date groves and pigeon towers.
For adventure and excitement, Sharm Touring Egypt organizes safari trips to the following western desert oases to explore the majesty of the desert by jeep and on safari travel and to spend the nights under the stars.
After the noise and crowd of the city, the Fayoum oasis is a breath of fresh air.
Its name was originated from the ancient Egyptian name “Payoum” which meant “the sea”, reference to the large inland lake Qaruon. The lake and its surrounding offer a relaxing break at the beach and a chance to see oasis life without having to venture too far in the Western Sahara Desert. Fayoum is 103 km south west of Cairo. It is a manmade oasis and also the largest oasis in Egypt. The mixture of desert as well as agriculture, the cultural and historical background of Pharaonic, Greco Roman, Coptic and Islamic antiquities makes Fayoum an extraordinary and outstanding destination. It is famous for its water wheels which were introduced by the Ptolemies in the third century BC. The diversity of its nature and serene beauty, waterfalls “ Wadi El Rayan“ and springs “Ein Sillin” make it a perfect place for fishing, hunting and bird watching.
Bahrain oasis is known for its sunny dry weather throughout summer and winter is located 365 km south west of Giza. Intertwined trees provide attractive scenery contrasted by massive sand dunes. It is rich in wildlife of migrant birds and deers.This oasis is also famous for its 398 mineral and sulphurous springs (cold and hot), known for its curative qualities.
It also has many archaeological sites which belong to the 26th dynasty including Alexander the Great Temple and also the largest Necropolis dedicated to the Ibis bird as well as ancient churches and palaces. “The Valley of the Golden Mummies” has been recently discovered in a Roman Necropolis. Palm trees, olive orchards and apricot groves create a natural panorama that mix sandy hills with lush vegetation
The New Valley Located 625 km from Cairo, its remarkable dry climate and warmth in winter, its sulphur wells and springs “Cold and hot up to 49 oC”. Make it an ideal healthy place for therapy. Its history goes back to 5000 BC. It is one of the most well known tourist attraction areas that have in the same time desert, lush, vegetation, wells springs. It includes the following three main oases:
Distinguished by many monuments, springs and interesting sites. One of its major sites is the Temple of Hibis, one of the few Persian monuments in Egypt “6th century BC”.The Necropolis of Al-Bagawat(Domes) behind the Temple, houses 263 mud-brick tombs with Coptic murals including the remains of one of the oldest churches in Egypt. Thermal springs to the south, are famous for water temperatures up to 43 degrees reputed to be good for the treatment of rheumatoid and skin allergies.
Located 200 km west of Al-Kharga, dominated on its northern horizon by a wall of rose-colored rock.
Mut is considered the main city; its name is attributed to Mut consort of God Amon. It is an ancient city that dates back to the Pharaonic period. Al Dakhla is a rich oasis which houses Pharaonic, Greco-Roman and Islamic monuments, as well as natural springs and wells which temperature reaches 43 o C and it is 1224 meters deep. Tourist facilities are developed next to the wells.
Located between Baharia and Dakhla and known as Ta-Iht the Land of the Cow in ancient history.
Kasr El Farafra village that dates to the Roman period is an isolated village of which the oldest part lies on the mountainside. Paintings and ceramics by local artists are exhibited, as well as sculptures made of materials available in the desert. It is also famous for its beautiful hand-knitted and handicrafts made of camel hair.
The White Desert
A spot which no visitor to the New Valley should miss. Coming from Baharia, you will cross the Black Desert passing by Roman ruins and an old Coptic Church with graffiti. Baharia and Frafra are separated by huge golden sand dunes which make a stunning backdrop to the journey. Once you enter the White Desert you meet a unique landscape of surreal wind-eroded rock formations which is particularly fascinating at sunrise and sunset.
Siwa is 300 km south of Marsa Matruh One of the most fascinating oases on the edge of the Great Sand Sea.
The importance of the Temple is due to the visit of Alexander the Great, who received the prophecy from God Amon in 331 BC. Gabal Al Mawta “Mountain of the Dead” that includes ancient mummies. Hall of crowning Alexander the Great. The inhabitants of Siwa have their own culture and customs and they speak a Berber language “Siwi” rather than Arabic. It remains one of the best places to buy jewelry, rugs, baskets, traditional robes and head dresses decorated with antique coins. A beautiful view of the whole oasis can be seen after climbing through the ruins of its old city.
A floral fish bowl which makes a superb holiday spot for those interested in underwater life, desert safari, golf cultural visits. Desert, sea and moderate weather throughout the year are the elements that predominate in the Red Sea area, meeting together to create a setting of natural beauty. The coral reefs are the largest natural structures in the world and have existed on the planet for approximately 450 million years. They are ecosystems in a constant state of change, which provide food and shelter to thousands of organisms which coexist in complex interconnected food chains
Suggested tours during your stay in the Red Sea
An Excursion into the desert in this area that abound in large mountain chains, the most beautiful in the world due to their different shapes and colours, in addition to several valleys and natural springs. Safari tours by Four by four Jeep or camel ride is without doubt a unique adventure within this vast desert. The area is distinguished by a wild life of animals and rare reptiles, moreover wild animals, migratory birds and mangroves. A tour in the desert will give you the occasion to get in touch with Bedouins, try their food and have the chance to spend the night in a Bedouin camp where you can see their traditions and dancing. A sun set in the desert is an exceptional event you can’t miss.
We can take you by boat to one of the islands of the red sea, which is known for its coral reef and relaxing beach. Relax and have nice tan. Snorkeling equipment are provided and lunch is included on the boat.
Fantastic underwater sight from the large panoramic windows of the glass bottom submarine as you cruise under the sea. You can witness all the wonders of this exquisite underwater life. Excellent opportunity to see the underwater life without getting wet.
Another great day out sailing on the red sea to three different sites. If you are lucky you may get the chance to see dolphins in the wild. Snorkeling equipment and lunch on the boat are included.
Egypt’s Red Sea has some of the best scuba diving in the world. And People come from everywhere to explore the underwater wonders, including pristine reefs and many shipwrecks. Beach vacations as well as scuba diving have the same destinations. In Sinai you can enjoy diving while you are in vacation. In Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba and Taba. On the western coast of the red sea in El Gouna , Hurghada , Soma Bay , Safaga , El Quseir and Marsa Alam an ideal environment for the growth of Coral Reefs and many species of fish and an entire marine life. Enjoy diving with our business partners “Aquarius diving club“where you can also receive either initial or advanced diving course.
Afternoon drive into the heart of the city with our air conditioned bus accompanied by a guide to see the largest mosque in Hurghada as well as the Orthodox Church. You will have an hour for shopping and then get back to the hotel for dinner.
Wadi El Gemal
Is located south of Marsa Alam. Wadi el Gemal is an outstanding and striking landscape. It homes important cultural and environmental resources moreover roman ruins, religious, historic and archaeological sites and aboriginal communities. Wadi El Gemal is the third largest wade in the Eastern Desert draining into the Red Sea. It has a rich vegetation and wild life, sites with interesting spots for everyone’s curiosity. You can have camel ride and get in touch with the real Bedouin tribes who will invite you for a Bedouin coffee and some oriental snacks on the rhythm of their folkloric music and their own dancing entertainments.
The Romance of Egypt
Egypt has always evoked a feeling of the exotic and mystery. Thinking during the serene and peaceful night fills you with a feeling of anticipation for next day’s discoveries. The Nile River seems to pass as does the time, slowly, witnessing the ancient history of Egypt and the present progress of its inhabitants. Suddenly you have a sensation of greatness and magnitude like no other! Egypt has always been a land of romance. Countless Pharaohs built grand temples and tombs for their beloved queens.
Full day visit the famous Giza Plateau, where the Great Pyramids, one of the Seven Wonders of the ancient world and their guardian the Sphinx, the Father of Terror for the ancient Pharaohs South of Cheops pyramid, are exhibited his solar boats. Made of cedar wood, they were made to be at the disposal of the king in the other world.
The tour also includes the visit of the world-renowned Egyptian Museum, which exhibits a big collection of antiquities and more than 120000 masterpieces including the treasures of the boy King Tutankhamen.
Afterwards enjoy your afternoon shopping at Khan El Khalili the most famous and oldest market in Cairo.
The Greek poet Homer described it as the city of one hundred gates. The Arab called it Luxor which means the city of palaces as they were overwhelmed by its outstanding monuments and huge status and temples.
Luxor is the capital of ancient Thebes, the largest outdoor museum in the world housing approximately one third of the world’s antiquities. On the East bank of the Nile, the city of the living as the sun rises there, where you can visit the famous Luxor and Karnak Temples. Karnak is the largest refuge of worship, ever built in history that contains several temples. Its ancient name Ipet-isut means “the most sacred of places.” This complex of temples was built over more than two thousand years. Within the complex, the great “Hypostyle Hall” is an incredible forest of giant pillars.
By night you can enjoy the Sound and Light show of Karnak narrating in different languages the history of the temple.
On the West Bank of the Nile, city of the dead where the sun sets “the ancient Theban necropolis” and life disappears.
The two colossal statues of Amenhotep III “Colossi of Memnon” ruins of his funerary tomb stand majestically.
Worth seeing as well the Valley of the Kings and Queens and the tomb of the Nobel. Those tombs were deeply carved into the desert rock, richly decorated and filled with treasures for the afterlife of the Pharaohs. Continue the tour for the visit of El Deir El Bahari, dedicated to the Queen Hatshepsut, the only female Pharaoh who ruled Egypt during the
Ancient Egyptian history.
The Temple rises out of the desert and consists of three big and plain terraces and merges with the sheer limestone cliffs that surround it.
The Valley of the Kings
Beginning with the 18th Dynasty and ending with the 20th, the kings abandoned the Memphis area and built their tombs in the west bank “the City of the Dead “where the sun sets and life fades. Most of the tombs were cut into the limestone following a similar pattern: three corridors, an antechamber and a sunken sarcophagus chamber. The Tomb of Tutankhamen was discovered by Howard Carter in November 4th, 1922. He was only 16 or 17 years old when he died, but what made his tomb stand apart from 61 others was that it had not been robbed. The treasures included a gold effigy of Tutankhamen, a solid gold coffin and two golden chariots.
The temple consists of three remarkable and imposing terraces. A tree lined avenue of sphinxes leads up to the temple. Reliefs on the south side of the middle terrace show the queen’s expedition by way of the Red Sea to Punt, the land of incense.
Colossi of Memnon
Amenhotep III built a funerary tomb in Thebes that was guarded by 2 gigantic statues. All that remains now are the 23 meter “75 foot” high, 1,000 ton statues of Amenhotep III. Though damaged by nature and human beings, the statues are still very impressive. They are made of carved blocks of quartzite. Due to an earthquake in 27 BC, these statues became known as a bell for the tone that usually occurred in the morning due to rising temperatures and humidity.
Although badly ruined, no site in Egypt is more impressive than Karnak. It is the largest temple complex ever built by man, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of ancient builders. Actually, The Temple of Karnak consists of three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples.
The Temple of Luxor was built for the worship of god Amoun Ra, the center of the most important festival, known as Opet which lasted for 11 days . It represented the celebration of Amoun RA’s anniversary with his wife MUT.
Built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II, the temple’s purpose was a setting for the rituals of the festival. The festival was to reconcile the human aspect of the ruler with the divine office. This temple was called the Southern Harem based on the fact that it was the house of Goddess Mut.
Hot air balloon in Luxor
Come and enjoy the splendors of the ancient Egyptian historical sites as you have never seen them before. Glide majestically over the temples, tombs and old monuments. See this spectacular landscape from the unique viewpoint which only hot air ballooning can provide. You will fly as a bird high into the sky you will have a bird’s eye view of the magnificent wonders of the West Bank and East bank as well as the surrounding countryside. Sometimes it is even possible to exchange greetings with the people below.
Dendara, 60 km north of Luxor, is one of the Greco Roman temples for the worship of goddess Hathour and is still in an excellent condition. It was built by King Ptolemy III and completed by the Roman Emperors .Construction of the current temple complex began when the Ptolemy’s ruled Egypt in 330 BC, its construction was completed by the Roman Emperors.
The Sound and Light Show at Karnak Temples
Starts with a historical introduction covering the birth of the great city of Thebes and the building of Karnak Temple.
The show narrates the glorious achievements of some great Pharaohs a poetic description of the artistic treasures and great legacy which the Karnak temples enclose.
Cairo is the capital of Egypt. It is Africa’s most populated city with a population of over 16 million inhabitants. It is the Arab world’s cultural center. A dynamic city proud of its co existing antiquities of pharaonic, Graeco Roman, Islamic and Christian civilizations. Between the colossal Pyramids and their guardian the Sphinx, on the top of the Giza plateau on the West bank and the Citadel on the East bank of the Nile , lies modern Cairo with its new Cairo Tower, its museums, crowded roads, clubs, gardens, hotels and skyscrapers.
Suggested tours during your stay in Cairo
The Pyramids of Giza
These amazing structures are considered one of the Seven Wonders of the World and the most important site in Egypt. The site at Giza boasts the Pyramid of Kheops, Khafre “Chephren” and Menkaure “Mycerinous” which are guarded by the mysterious Sphinx, a mythical statue with the body of a lion and the head of a human being. The Great Pyramid houses the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu “Cheops”. There are also several smaller pyramids known as “Queens”. The solar boat of Cheops has lately been discovered and is now exhibited in a special museum south of his pyramid.
Memphis and Saqqara Areas
Memphis is the oldest capital of Egypt founded by King Mina. Saqqara is the ancient site of Memphis city, moreover, it includes several monuments, antiquities and tombs. Situated on a desert plateau it overwhelms the visitor with its Zoser step pyramid the most ancient stone building in the world. Its funerary complex includes temples and tombs with their ancient scenes. In addition to these attractions, Saqqara is perhaps most famous for the oldest of all 97 Egyptian pyramids, The Step Pyramid.
The Egyptian Museum
Located in El Tahrir Square in the heart of Cairo. The greatest collection of Egyptian antiquities is, without doubt, that of the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. It is a place of true discovery housing 250 000 antique pieces covering the whole history of ancient Egypt It includes the impressive treasures of the boy king Tut Ankh Amon , which were discovered in his tomb in the west bank in the valley of the Kings.
This market can be found within the heart of Islamic Cairo, It was built in the 14th., century AD on one of Cairo’s oldest area, where El Azhar mosque one of the earliest Islamic universities and seat of learning for students from the Islamic countries. Al Azhar is regarded to be the rays diffused by the solar disc of Islam. It is always a very busy place full of characteristics, with stalls selling items ranging from local spices to exotic jewellery, wooden products, Leather ware, embroider dresses and nice hand made products for souvenirs. The market first opened in the Middle Ages and exists today mainly for tourists. You will find many bargains there. Women should dress modestly.
The Citadel of Saladin & the Alabaster Mosque
It was built in 1183 AD, on the medial times. It is an enormous stone fort overlooking the city of Cairo that has been used in many battles. Today, it is home to mosques, palaces and museums including the Alabaster Mosque built by Mohamed Ali the Great which is a replica of Sultan Ahmed Mosque in Istanbul.
Christian monuments in old Cairo have a religious and historic importance. Christianity is a transitional period between Pharaonic and Islamic periods. The Coptic Museum contains a collection of rare antiquities. The Church of Abou Serga close to the Coptic museum dates back to the 4th century A.D. It is built in the Basilica style above the cave in which the Holy Family took refuge on their way to Egypt while escaping from King Herod. During the 4th century the Hanging Church was built on the remains of the roman Fortress of Babylon. It includes about 90 rare icons of basilicas style. You can end your visit with Ben Ezra Synagogue.
South West Cairo, lies Fayuom a depression in the Western desert, it gets its water supply from the Nile River through Bahr Yousef. From Bahr Yousef. It has its own pharaonic, Greco roman, Coptic and Islamic culture, history and monuments. The mixture of desert and agriculture makes it an outstanding destination In Lake Qaruon you can enjoy fishing, water sports and bird watching. Wadi El Rayan known for its waterfalls, springs, wild animals and birds is worth seeing. Ein Seleen is the most famous natural spring in the area.
Alexandria, “Pearl of the Mediterranean” is the largest port in Egypt, and a well known summer resort in the Middle East. It was founded by Alexander the Macedonian in 332 BC. To be the capital of his reign in Egypt. Since its foundation it remained for a long time a centre of cultural radiation in the world.
The Alexandria Library and its Museum
This historical library was burnt down in 48 BC during a battle between Romans and Egyptians. It has been recently rebuilt by the Egyptian government with the outstanding help and cooperation of the UNESCO. The library contains a vast amount of books and scriptures, as well as an exceptional museum with a rich variety of ancient roman antiquities.
The Catacombs of Kom el-Shouqafa in Alexandria
It was built on three levels and carved into the rock 100 feet deep. What is most impressive about the catacombs is that although the motifs on the tombs are from the ancient Egyptian period, the architecture is Greco-Roman style, this blend makes them unique.
The Fortress of Qaiet Bey
It was built in the 15th century, on the northern tip of the Eastern port on the site of the ancient Pharos “lighthouse” which was among the seven wonders of the ancient world. Its naval museum revitalized the marine heritage of Alexandria.
Suggested tours during your stay in the Red Sea from Port Ghaleb
Aswan is Egypt’s hottest and driest inhabited city of Egypt. Aswan is one of the driest inhabited places in the world.
Aswan’s climate ranges from mild in the winter to very hot in the summer with absolutely no rain all year. It is characterized by its warm weather, its dryness and sunshine all over the year, which make it one of the most beautiful resorts in the whole world. The stone quarries of ancient Egypt located here were celebrated for their stone, and especially for the granitic rock called Syenite. They furnished the colossal statues, obelisks, and colossal shrines that are found throughout Egypt.
In the old time, it was one of the most powerful forts on Egypt’s southern border. The Island houses the relics of stone temples of various eras as well as “The Nilometer” dating from the Roman era.
Kitchener Island “Plantation Island”
An oval-shaped island in the Nile at Aswan was given to Lord Horatio Kitchener in the 1890s for his part in the Sudanese campaigns while he was the Egyptian Consul. Kitchener, who was a keen gardener, turned his island home into a botanical garden, importing exotic plants and trees which flourished in the Aswan climate. The botanical garden was constructed in 1899 under the supervision of the Ministry of Irrigation and turned into an experimental station for plants from equatorial regions in 1928. The visitor to Kitchener’s Island today will find a peaceful paradise, full of shady trees, beautiful flowers and unusual plants among the paved walkways. The island is a haven for rare exotic birds of many kinds. It is now owned by the Egyptian government, and is now known as “Plantation Island”, it is also called Plant Island or Geziret el-Nabatat.
The Unfinished Obelisk located in the Granite Quarry. Incompletely carved it still lies where a crack was discovered when hewn in the rock. If raised, it would have 41 meters height and would have weighted over 2.3 million pounds “1 million kilograms” and would have been the world’s largest piece of stone ever handled. It proofs the ancient Egyptian’s art and techniques in carving obelisks.
Over flooded by the Nile, it was dismantled and reassembled on Agilika Island about 1,800 feet, 550 meters from its original home on Philae Island. The temple was dedicated to the goddess Isis and is in a beautiful setting which had been landscaped to match its original site. Its various shrines and sanctuaries, which include The Vestibule of Nectanebos I, the Temple of the Emperor Hadrian, a Temple of Hathor, Trajan’s Kiosk “Pharaohs Bed”, a birth house and two pylons celebrate all the deities involved in the Isis and Osiris myth.
Sound & Light Show of Philae
Philae has an impressive “Sound and Light” show. As darkness descends on the Pylons and monuments of the island, they are lit by spotlights of various colors producing a breathtaking effect.
The High Dam
The biggest change on the Nile in all its history was the building of the High Dam South of Aswan. A huge water reservoir aiming to protect Egypt from the floods and provide the country electricity. It took ten years to build it and was completed in 1970 to replace the old Aswan dam built in 1902. The Dam is 114 meters high and 3.6 kilometers long. Upstream, it creates a reservoir of water, called Lake Nasser, before the reservoir was made; the land was the home of 100,000 farming people known as the Nubians who had to be given new houses and lands as a compensation for the loss of their properties.
A magnificent archaeological site comprising two massive rock temples in the most southern part of Egypt on the western bank of Lake Nasser about 290 km southwest of Aswan. It is part of the UNESCO World Heritage known as the “Rescued Nubia Monuments”. Their relocation is an accomplishment realized by the UNESCO the relocation of the temples was necessary to avoid being submerged by the water of Lake Nasser, the massive artificial water reservoir formed after the building of the Aswan dam on the Nile River. The two temples were originally carved out on the mountainside. Ramses II, in the 13th century BC, built them. The Great Temple as a lasting monument for himself and dedicated to the sun god RA. The most remarkable, in this temple, is the scene of the Kadesh battle against the Hittites, where his victories are beautifully recorded. The second temple also called “the temple of Hathor” goddess of love and beauty was built for his wife queen Nefertiti. Both the King and the Queen are represented on the wall of the temple offering sacrifices to the gods. Abu Simbel remains one of Egypt’s top tourist attractions.
The town of Aswan in Upper Egypt marked the southern boundary of Ancient Egypt. Over the centuries Aswan has been the gateway to Africa and the Nubian Land It is one of the most beautiful cities in the country, located on the East bank. In the west bank lies the desert with its golden sands. Known for its islands, Mango Island is one of the best kept secret in Aswan. Enjoy the boat trip in the River Nile to a haven of tranquility. We invite you to a lifetime experience in our amazing get away island, the perfect setting for the lovers of natural landscapes. You can enjoy a lunch, a dinner or just an afternoon tea in the most secluded atmosphere in the middle of the Nile, where every seat offers a breathtaking view. During dinner, you will enjoy a Folkloric show and or the traditional music Aswan is famous for.
Sinai looks like nothing so much as the surface of the moon that is the reason it is said that the name Sinai derives from the lunar deity Sin. Early inhabitants, worshipping the Trinity: Sin “Moon”, Shamash “Sun” and Ishtar “Venus” named the peninsular after the moon-god Sin. South Sinai governorate’s capital is El Tor on the Suez Gulf. It has the highest mountain in Egypt, the summit of Saint Catherine which is 2637 meters high above sea level. It hosts Nuweiba and Al Tor sea ports as well as international airports at Sharm El Sheikh, Saint Catherine, El Tor and Taba. Its main cities are Sharm El Sheikh, Nuweiba, Dahab and Saint Catherine. The peninsula that contains all the elements of magic and attraction
Suggested Tours during your stay in South Sinai “Land of Turquoise”
Sharm El Sheikh / Ras Mohamed
One of the most beautiful sites all over the world. A paradise on earth that God gifted with more than 130 kind of the most gorgeous coral reefs and more than 1000 species of rare fish. An extremely distinct marine life wild animals, birds and mangrove trees. You will have the opportunity to snorkel, swim or dive in this recently declared national park.
You can witness the most enchanting view of both Aqaba and Suez Gulf from the”Shark Observatory”.
Sail with the Boat to the north east of Sharm El Sheikh, where Tiran Island is not only perfect for snorkeling and diving, but is also the perfect site to see the coral reefs for those who can’t swim.
One of the geological wonders of Sinai where you will discover the extraordinary different colors and various shapes of the rocks. The latter are a natural gift of nature. In some points these rocks can reach 40 meters height. They are made of sandstone possessing an incredible range of hues; dark brown, red and straw yellow, and this is due to the presence of manganese and iron oxides.
A pilgrimage trip from Sharm El Sheikh to the mountain where Moses spoke to God and was delivered the tablets of the Law with the Ten Commandments. It is 2285 meters high and 750 steps. Climbing the mountain at night is a memorable experience to be able to watch the sunrise from its peak. On the summit there is a small church and a mosque. The view from the peak is truly breathtaking and well worth the efforts of ascending it.
St. Catherine Monastery
Located at the foothills of Moses Mountain. It has attracted pilgrims since 337 AD, when the Empress Helena, mother of the Byzantine king Constantine, ordered the building of a sanctuary, around the site where Moses is reputed to have come across the Burning Bush. You can also visit the richly adorned East Orthodox church with the oldest and striking mosaics the “Burning Bush” chapel, the library that ranks second to that of the Vatican for the collection of the rare best-preserved and priceless ancient manuscripts and icons, as well as “Moses Well”.
The Fortress of Pharaoh’s Island
Pharaoh’s Island, also called Coral Island or Geziret Faraoun, eight kilometers south of Taba and 250 meters off the coast, and occupies a strategic and unique position overlooking Aqaba Gulf. The Phoenicians were the first to make use of this island’s natural harbor during the 10th century BC to foster trade with Egypt. Early in the 12th century the Crusaders built a fortress there, to protect pilgrims traveling between Jerusalem and the Monastery of St Catherine and to harass Arab trade as well. Sultan Salah El Din “Saladin” evicted the Crusaders from the island and significantly strengthened the fortress later in the 12th century. Today you can follow in the footsteps of the legendary Lawrence of Arabia and explore the fully renovated fortress of medieval character with its towers, arched doorways, sleeping quarters, baths and kitchens.
Why not treat the family to a fantastic Dolphin Show in Sharm. These are very clever animals and are amazing to watch. These beautiful animals are trained by Russians and you can watch them dance and perform acrobatics to the music and even get to see them draw! Fantastic. There are 3 lovely dolphins from the Black Sea.
Make your visit to Sharm El Sheikh something really special! Desert safaris are the best way to experience the mystery of this extensive desert. There are specialized desert safari packages and tour itineraries available for those interested in desert adventure. The tour is carried out by either camel’s quad or 4×4 vehicles.
South Sinai is well known for the various places suitable for diving, such as Sharm El Sheikh, Dahab, Nuweiba and Taba. People come from everywhere to explore the underwater wonders, including pristine reefs, rare species of fish in addition to fauna and flora and many shipwrecks. The same destinations are suitable for both relaxing vacations and diving. On the western coast of the red sea in El Gouna, Hurghada, Soma Bay, Safaga and El Quseir, you will discover an ideal environment for the growth of coral reefs and a whole marine life. There are many certified diving centers with professional instructors where you can receive either initial or advanced diving courses.
Petra lies on the slope of Mount Hor. It is a historical and archaeological city in the Jordanian governorate of Ma’an, known for its rock cut architecture. Established sometime around the 6th century BC, it is a unique, pink and salmon colored 2,000 year old rock-carved city, that served as the capital of the Nabataean Arabs, Petra, means “stone or rock” in Greek, it is most famous for “The Treasury”, otherwise known as Khasneh “Khazne Faraoun”.
It remained unknown to the Western world when in 1812 it was introduced by the Swiss explorer Johann Ludwig Burckhardt. In order to find the site without arousing local suspicions, Burckhardt disguised in a pilgrim seeking to make a sacrifice at the tomb of Aaron, a mission which would provide him a glimpse of the legendary city. He managed to bluff his way through successfully, and the secret of Petra was then revealed.
It was described as “a rose-red city half as old as time” by John William Burgon .and as “one of the most precious cultural properties of man’s cultural heritage.” by the UNESCO. Petra was chosen by the BBC as one of “the 40 places you have to see before you die”.
Jerusalem is a holy city to the three major Abrahamic religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
Jerusalem is the capital “though not internationally recognized as such” and largest city of Israel in both population and area. The city has a history that goes back as far as the 4th millennium BC, making it one of the oldest cities in the world.
Jerusalem has been the holiest city in Judaism. In Christianity, Jerusalem has been a holy city since, according to the New Testament; Jesus was crucified in c. 30 CE and 300 years later Saint Helena found the True Cross in the city.
In Sunni Islam, Jerusalem is the third-holiest city. It became the first Qibla; the focal point for Muslim prayer “Salah” in 610 CE, and, according to Islamic tradition, Muhammad made his Night Journey there ten years later.
As a result, and despite having an area of only 0.9 square kilometres (0.35 sq mi), the Old City is full of important religious sites, among them the Temple Mount, the Western Wall, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, the Dome of the Rock and al-Aqsa Mosque.
Over day Cairo
When in South Sinai, you can go to Cairo for the over day. There, you will have the opportunity to see the Great Pyramids and their guardian the Sphinx, the legendary and mystical statue with the body of a lion and a human head.
Then, you will visit the Egyptian museum, the largest of Egyptian antiquities museum all over the world.
The most interesting is the collection of Tut Ankh Amon‘s treasures. You will end the day with a walk in Khan El Khalili bazaar, the greatest and oldest open market in the Middle East, where you can buy typical Egyptian souvenirs.